2月 1, 2023

FUTSALNET

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Mars at Moon

月の雲 – 火星が消える

月は時折、火星を含む太陽系のすべての惑星の前を移動します。 クレジット: Sergio Cuzzo

2022 年 12 月のスカイウォッチングのハイライトは何ですか? 月が通り過ぎる[{” attribute=””>Jupiter twice this month, and actually covers Mars completely, in an event called an occultation, on December 7. The event is visible across the U.S., except for the Southeast and East Coast, where the Moon will graze closely past Mars. And throughout the month, you can find Pegasus, the winged stallion, high overhead in the south.

2022 年 12 月の注意点: 火星が姿を消し、ペガサスが冒険に出発します。 米国とヨーロッパのほとんどの視聴者は、12 月 7 日に火星が月の後ろに滑り込むのを見ることができ、誰もが翼のある馬の星座ペガサスを見つけることができます。

  • 12月1日 – 今晩南西に目を向けると、月が明るい木星からわずか数指離れているのがわかります。
  • 12月7日 – 満月
  • 12月7日 今夜、月が火星を覆い隠します。 米国では、月が火星をかろうじて通り過ぎているように見える東海岸と南東部以外のあらゆる場所の視聴者にとって、火星は月の後ろに滑り込んでいます。 お気に入りの天体観測アプリやウェブサイトで、火星がいつ消えて再び現れるかを確認してください。
  • 12月23日 – 新月
  • 12月25日~31日 – 年末に月と惑星をチェックしてください。 毎晩、ますます満月が過ぎていくのを見てください[{” attribute=””>Saturn on the 26th and then past Jupiter on the 28th.
  • All month – Find the constellation Pegasus high in the south-southwest after dark. Look for bright Jupiter and find the Great Square of Pegasus about 15 degrees above it.
Moon Mars Occultation

Lunar occultation of Mars. Credit: Andrés Jobacho

Video Transcript:

What’s Up for December? Your evening planet highlights, including the disappearance of Mars, and the constellation Pegasus.

The month begins and ends with the Moon visiting the giant planets. On December 1st, find the Moon just a couple of finger-widths apart from Jupiter in the evening sky. Then, from the 25th to the 31st, look to the southwest following sunset to see an increasingly full Moon slip past Saturn and then again past Jupiter. Viewers with a clear view to the horizon will be able to search for Venus and Mercury in the fading glow of sunset, just a few degrees above the skyline.

December 7 brings one of those magical moments when the sky changes dramatically before your very eyes. It’s called a lunar occultation, as the Moon passes in front of, or occults, the Red Planet, Mars. The spectacle will be visible in parts of North America, Europe, and Northern Africa. (Viewers in the Southeast and on the East Coast will see the Moon just graze past Mars.) For viewers in the U.S., Mars disappears behind the Moon sometime between about 6:30 and 9 p.m., depending on your location, so check your favorite skywatching app to find the time for your area.

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Now, the Moon passes in front of planets in the night sky several times per year. In fact, it generally occults Mars itself at least a couple of times per year. But each occultation is visible from only a small portion of Earth’s surface, so it’s not super common for any particular spot on Earth to see them frequently.

Of course, the Moon passes in front of stars all the time. If you’re watching through binoculars, they just blink right out. But planets are not just points of light like stars – they appear as circular little disks, so planets actually take several seconds to disappear and later reemerge. So if you’re in the viewing zone, enjoy this relatively rare opportunity to watch a bright planet being occulted by the Moon.

Looking high in the southwest sky on December evenings, you can find a constellation named for one of the more fantastical beasts of ancient mythology. That’s Pegasus, the winged horse. In Greek myth, Pegasus rode into adventures with the hero Belaraphon, and later carried the thunderbolts of Zeus himself, who rewarded him by placing him among the stars.

Pegasus is one of the largest of the 88 constellations. Its most prominent feature, and the key to finding it in the sky, is this asterism, or pattern of stars, called the Great Square. These four stars of roughly equal brightness form the central part of the horse’s body.

This December, it’s easy to locate Pegasus, thanks to brilliant Jupiter. Face southward to find the giant planet about halfway up the sky, with the Great Square beginning about 15 degrees to the north of it.

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Pegasus is a useful constellation for stargazers, as it’s a good starting place for finding your way to other features in the night sky. The constellation itself contains a number of dazzling deep-sky objects, including globular cluster M15, and the tangled galaxies of Stephan’s Quintet. With this year drawing to a close, here’s hoping you seek out the winged stallion Pegasus, as you ponder what new adventures await in the next year.

Here are the phases of the Moon for December.

Moon Phases December 2022

The phases of the Moon for December 2022. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Stay up to date with all of NASA’s missions to explore the solar system and beyond at nasa.gov. I’m Preston Dyches from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and that’s What’s Up for this month.